In addition, there is a discussion about possible ways, by which Hebrew borrowings arrived to the Russian language.
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Russia - jewish heritage, history, synagogues, museums, areas and sites to visit
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THE JEWS OF OLD KIEV.
The father of Yiddish theater was Abraham Goldfaden With the Revolution of and during the s, Yiddish theater moved through a second phase : Alexander Granosky founded the Jewish Studio in Petrograd, where he discovered Salomon Mikhoels, a cult figure in the world of Jewish and Soviet theater. It also offered them a secular, Soviet Yiddish culture but repressed Hebrew culture.
source link In the s, Jewish kolkhozes began concentrating in southern Ukraine and Crimea, within regional Jewish districts. In , the Far East region of Birobidzhan was declared an autonomous Jewish region with Yiddish as its official language and open to all Jews willing to colonize it. In , more than 3 million Jews lived in the Soviet Union, a number that climbed to 5 million after the annexation of eastern Poland following the German-Soviet nonaggression pact.
In , the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee was founded under the leadership of actor Solomon Mikhoels, designed to sensitize and alert international opinion to the Nazi massacre of the Jews.
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Most members of this committee were arrested and executed in All remaining active synagogues, Jewish theaters, libraries, and Yiddish presses were shut down. Jews who held high positions were dismissed, such as the famous photographer Evgueni Khaldei, who snapped the famous photo of the Soviet flag flying over the Reichstag. After the Six Day War of , official anti-Semitism reappeared in the form of anti-Zionist and hostility toward the state of Israel.
Soviet Jews who asked to emigrate were flatly denied, such as Anatoly Natan Shcharansky, who later became the Israeli Minister of Housing.
Many synagogues and Jewish schools reopened across Russia and the former Soviet republics, and a hundred or so Jewish Russian-language newspapers and periodicals were founded besides a host of other Jewish organizations, congresses, and communities. The massive emigration of Russian and Soviet Jews that began in the s has abated somewhat today. Have you noticed some information that needs to be update or do you want to share your knowledge about Jewish heritage in Europe? Toggle navigation.